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tv   Shift  Deutsche Welle  July 7, 2019 5:02am-5:16am CEST

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quiet smart installs all your contacts helps you navigate through that hot new restaurant and even. reminds you of your cousin's birthday wait where was i. phones making osama our topic today on ship. the well being tells me i received $84.00 notifications yesterday and spent exactly 2 hours on my smartphone for which i am gloc that $77.00 times if i hadn't the activated push notifications my phone would beat every minute also as apps for my attention that can be. well cool video but it can also be stressful. and get released with every notification increases muscle stands up it's no laughing matter. favre push notifications they want to
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maximize the amount of time we spend on this because the more we use those apps the more information on us they can collect which they can monetize for advertising you're a scientist heading back from the gritty university frankford explains what effects this has on our brains. this is where distraction happens when i concentrate on one task these brain regions are active. all sensory stimuli are filtered out by this region the so-called dnssec blocking access but when there's a stimulus that's very different to other stimuli it gets through and distracts. this is what smartphone and app developers capitalize on they want to create products that permanently grab our attention with push notifications vibrations audio signals and so forth. these are. new stimuli different brain
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regions are activated and sort of pull power from my ability to concentrate. suddenly i am no longer focused on my one task because my brain is having to process multiple stimuli and that means i can't devote all my mental resources to fulfilling my original task. according to a recent study using smartphones can make us feel more restless normally the more someone performs a certain task the better they can do it and as a result their brain signals become calmer but the opposite is the case for smartphone users the more they use their devices the more erratic their brain activity becomes one possible explanation for this is that smartphone users tend to have several apps or browser windows open at once which can lead to over. stimulation of the brain. our brains aren't meant for multitasking it when i switch tasks quickly i tend to overlook things and my error rate goes up and while switching tasks my brain also needs
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a moment to readjust which is another moment when we're error prone that on the field and finishes. the problem isn't technology itself but how we use it. of any power when we constantly use such devices we get used to being in a state of distraction over time this will lead to it becoming harder for us to focus on and prioritize tasks and that will make us feel stressed and we become more forgetful as well because we can't focus our attention on one thing that also an arson a t.d. had but it's done use for them till appointment the calendar won't let you forget navigation apps always know the best route facebook suggests events you might like a recent study indicates people may become mentally lazy the more they rely on best model phones especially of those who are more intuitive than analytical they use google instead of their memory some scientists refer to this as the google effect
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we no longer memorize things because we can find them on google. so. far. so far researchers have not found any concrete evidence that smartphones altered the way out brains function there are signs they could be impeding our memory and sense of direction. this tendency decision brains tend to adapt to how we use them this applies especially to our memory today we no longer need to memorize as much as in the past and using sat navs means we don't have to rely on our sense of direction in the same way we did say 30 years ago and this all affects our brains. in practice smartphones and apps mean we no longer have to remember jewels addresses and such because out of vices to that for us this means we're storing less information but we're also practicing the act of memorizing lists also has consequences. if i stop committing things to memory i will lose the
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ability to do so and that means no longer being able to process that information humans do more than just gather relevant information on the internet the difference between us and machines is still that we also have the ability to understand and process information to. our brains are especially good at retaining information particularly well when we can reference where we found it that's easier to do with analog sources than digital ones for example when we read a book we can often remember roughly on which page we came across a certain piece of information but that's not necessarily the case with scrolling through it digital text this impacts how ability to memorize information. computer computers need to compress data because their storage capacity is limited but with humans the opposite is true the more contextual information we have about something the easier it is for us to recall it. some tech experts like nicholas
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even. think we're gradually losing our ability to read and remember long texts it's unclear whether that's the case but it is clear that the more information we have memorized the more new information we can add and store away effectively unlike artificial intelligence systems we humans are also able to make decisions with very little information. computer. peters' require lots of data to compare things and detect patterns humans don't like we can use one single piece of information to develop an abstract model and apply this to new situations when i saw for you did but. when it comes to creativity i have still got an add on ai there's a study we like those that shows how much nearby smartphones influence us 3 groups were asked to perform a mentally challenging task group one was told to lay their phones on the table face down group 2 was told to leave them in their pockets group 3 left in another
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room all phones were and silent molt. which group fear the worst. exactly the one with their smartphones on the table just wanting to look at the phone is enough to diminish mental capacity and it's built into the design. mechanisms designed to get. tech companies take advantage of our need for attention to make their products successful push notifications and social media ensure that we spend as much time as possible with their products because the more we use the better for the product. telephones and apps were designed to grab our attention and get us addicted in some way that sense we can't get away and we get used to them. even.
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but they do this randomly it's what's called a variable. this is the same mechanism used for gambling and our brain. every time we get a message or any reaction to one of our posts on social media our brain releasing some little. that's the neurotransmitter that makes our whole body feel good as a result we make a habit of reaching for our phone. what we know is that when i get positive reinforcement on social media that affects the regions of my brain that send our ward impulses. whether i'm using drugs achieving something or winning the lottery it's always the same regions of my brain that light up when i'm feeling good and these regions are also activated by these apps and likes. to point to become addicted to those.
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it seems that varies depending on the person here are the signals to watch out for phantom vibrations people who experience this think they hear the phone vibrating even though it isn't. another warning signal is the fear of missing out or foma. and nomophobia is the fear of not having your mobile device and being unreachable. i have to admit i know all 3 phenomena even phantom race so does that make me an addict not matter of opinion but i know it's a good idea to put the phone away now and then. i leave my phone at home when i walk with my dog digital detox. doing nothing without interruptions or distractions is beneficial to the brain. giving the brain
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small breaks a daily life where you consciously give yourself the opportunity to process what you've lived and seen before the good news is that the brain basically doesn't by itself it only needs you to not bombarded with new stimuli every minute for. daydreaming activates a part of the brain that researchers call default mode network previously acquired information is stored stored even reconnected has some advice on how to keep your brain a break. designate a smartphone free spaces. apps that are allowed to send notifications. which apps you really need. said offline times when you. and scream to greyscale instead of color and that makes it less attractive.
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regular exercise helps to reduce stress hormones and people in real life is very. disappointed us. we have learned that virtual interactions cannot take the place of real social contacts across. and equally important sufficient sleep this is what the brain needs to store knowledge and clear out junk data so to speak so that we can get through the next day able to concentrate and without stress. there's no clear answer to whether smartphones are making. digital dimentia others say when smartphones remember things for us we have room for other stuff. smart phones are helpful gadgets everyone needs to be inside for themselves how much they use them just like with t.v. or video games. what do you think join our discussion on facebook and on you your
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job you'll also find explain as their information on the latest tech topics gadgets and everything else you need to know thank you and next week. the global tourist guide for a tremendous booming capital i love berlin that has covered the multicultural metropolis in our duramax series sleepless nights out of balance much like the term simply means i love you even once she was a citizen looks like the south so it's like me the spices of the 50 nations 50
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story. and 53 personal tips on berlin's very best features. every week on t.w. . for men to many people too little space the rent is too high and the time it takes you to get from one place to another is too long kevin can dad ski is moving from the big city to a small town from quake in berlin to a quaint gullets in the eastern most tip of germany temporarily he says there's too many retired seniors and too little to do them and found too much support for the right wing extremist and have tea parties that don't doesn't necessarily make good it's the city of kevin.

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